FIBA is the world governing body for basketball, formed by 213 National Federations of basketball throughout the world. It is recognized as the sole competent authority in basketball by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It has been founded the18th June 1932 by the following eight National Federations: Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania and Switzerland. Today the headquarters of FIBA are established in Geneva, Switzerland.
FIBA is currently divided into 5 big Zones corresponding to the five continents: FIBA Africa, FIBA America, FIBA Asia, FIBA Europe and FIBA Oceania, having at their inside the related National Federations.
FIBA establishes the Official Basketball Rules, the specifications for equipment and facilities, and all internal executive regulations that must be applied to all international and Olympic competitions, for which FIBA also establishes the system of competition.
FIBA controls and governs the appointment of international referees.
FIBA regulates the transfer of players from one country to another.
FIBA controls and governs all international competitions.
All the technical aspect of the equipment and facilities are managed by a department inside FIBA, called FIBA Research Study Centre. The FIBA Research Study Centre was founded to help equip and increase the number of sports facilities throughout the world, encourage the construction of basic facilities and the refurbishment of older ones, co-ordinate research initiatives and offer consulting services for materials, equipment design and construction. As of January 1st, 2003 the Study Centre has become part of FIBA World in Geneva, Switzerland. The Study Centre produces publications (Guide to basketball facilities, Safety Standards, Outdoor Guide, etc.) which provide technical assistance.
The objective is to attain a high standard of quality, safety and high-tech, for the athletes, for the public, as well as for the media whose demands are growing at the rate of knots. This can only be obtained by a constant control and inspection of facilities and equipment. The Partners of the FIBA Study Centre, whose products are approved by FIBA, provide the sport equipment in the following categories: Backboard Support Units, Wooden Floorings, Synthetic Floorings, Electronic Scoreboards, Electric and Electronic System, Seating Systems, Miscellaneous Products, Basketballs.
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