Athletics can be practiced both in outdoor facilities and inside fully covered indoor facilities. As is the case with outdoor facilities, the design and construction of indoor athletics facilities created to host official competitions must also take into consideration the indications provided in the World Athletics "Track and Field Facilities Manual", which will be fully updated in 2021.
Let us take a look at the different types of tracks for indoor athletics facilities and their key features.
Athletics tracks for indoor facilities can be classified into two major categories:
Tracks with banked curves can be divided into two types: fixed incline and variable incline tracks. Let us look at the differences in more detail.
Tracks with fixed incline curves are suitable for athletics competitions and for professional-level training. However, the use of this type of track is not recommended for amateur athletes. Indoor athletics tracks with fixed incline curves can be subdivided into four distinct types:
Unlike permanent concrete and asphalt tracks, moving permanent tracks with metal structures that can be dismantled do not require building work either during the process of construction or dismantling, and provide a suitably elastic response for improved comfort and athletic performance.
Variable hydraulic banked tracks represent the evolution of tracks with inclined curves: the track structure, which is made from steel and wooden panels, is permanent, and the hydraulic movement of the curves is regulated by a PLC system, to set the incline in accordance with the World Athletics parameters. Thanks to their fully retractable structure, in the rest position, these tracks can lie flush with the external flooring: this enables secondary sporting events as well as non-sporting events to be held inside the same facility. Unlike tracks that can be dismantled, variable hydraulic banked tracks eliminate storage costs as well as assembly and disassembly time and costs. Variable hydraulic banked tracks are suitable for competitions and for both professional and amateur training, regardless of the age of the competitors and the level of athletic training they have, because the incline of the curves can also be set at intermediate heights.
The surface of an indoor athletics track can either be covered with poured-in-place systems or with prefabricated surfaces. Regarding prefabricated surfaces, it is worth mentioning that these come with several key advantages that make them ideal for indoor athletic disciplines:
A prefabricated rubber surface also represents an optimal solution for covering tracks in indoor athletics facilities from the perspective of air quality and safety. In a fully indoor facility, avoiding the potential exposure of athletes (and members of the public) to volatile compounds is crucially important.
MONDO prefabricated tracks are GREENGUARD Gold certified, which makes them among the most suitable on the market for indoor installations because they guarantee minimal VOC emissions. Furthermore, MONDO prefabricated rubber surfaces also comply with the European standard (EN 130501), which serves to classify and certify the behaviour of construction materials when exposed to fire.
Want to find out more about MONDO solutions for indoor athletics facilities? Contact our technical team.